Understanding Grief: 5 Tips From a Grief Psychologist

Grieving Woman

What is Grief and Loss?

Grief, in its simplest terms, is the emotional response to loss. It is a natural and normal reaction to experiencing something or someone being taken away from us. It is important to understand that grief is not a linear process with a clear beginning and end. It is a complex and deeply personal journey that varies greatly from person to person.

Grief is often associated with the death of a loved one, but it can also be triggered by other types of losses such as the end of a relationship, a job loss, or even the loss of a cherished pet. It is important to recognise that grief is not limited to just these experiences; it can also encompass feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, confusion, and even relief. It is a complex tapestry of emotions that may ebb and flow over time.

One of the key aspects of grief is the impact it has on our lives. Grief can affect us physically, emotionally, and mentally. It can manifest in a variety of ways, such as changes in appetite and sleep patterns, difficulty concentrating, or experiencing intense feelings of sadness or anger. It is crucial to recognise and acknowledge these symptoms as part of the grieving process, as they are a normal response to loss.

Grief is an unavoidable and painful part of life. Whether it's the loss of a loved one, a job, a relationship, or even a pet, the experience of grief can be overwhelming and all-consuming. As a psychologist and grief counsellor, I have worked with numerous individuals who are struggling to cope with their grief. In this blog post, I want to provide some insights and tips on understanding the grieving process and how to navigate through it. Whether you are currently grieving or supporting someone who is, I hope this post will offer some guidance and comfort.

Grieving Woman


What grief is not, however, is something to be rushed or ignored. It is not a sign of weakness or a lack of resilience. Grief is a natural part of being human, and it is important to allow ourselves the time and space to process and navigate through it. It is also not a linear process with a fixed timeline; there is no "right" or "wrong" way to grieve.

The Five Stages of Grief: A Guided Journey Through Loss

Stages Of Grief


The journey through grief is often described as a series of stages, each one bringing its own challenges and emotions. These stages were first introduced by psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her book "On Death and Dying," and they have since become widely recognised as a framework for understanding the grieving process. While it is important to note that not everyone will experience these stages in the same order or to the same degree, they can provide a helpful roadmap for navigating through loss.

The first stage is denial. It is a common initial response to loss, where we may find ourselves refusing to believe or accept the reality of what has happened. Denial can act as a protective mechanism, shielding us from the full impact of the loss. However, it is important to eventually move through this stage in order to begin the healing process.

The second stage is anger. It is natural to feel anger towards the person or circumstances that caused our loss, as well as towards ourselves for not preventing it. This anger may be directed at anyone or anything, including loved ones, doctors, or even a higher power. It is important to allow ourselves to feel and express this anger in healthy ways, such as through talking or writing.

The third stage is depression. It is important to note that depression in the context of grief is different from clinical depression. It is a natural response to loss and can involve feelings of sadness, emptiness, and despair. It is important to allow ourselves to grieve and seek support during this stage, as suppressing or ignoring these feelings can prolong the healing process.

The fourth stage is bargaining. During this stage, we may find ourselves making deals or promises in an attempt to regain what has been lost. This can involve praying or wishing for the person or situation to come back, or even promising to change our own behaviour. Bargaining is often a way to regain a sense of control in a situation that feels overwhelming.

The fifth and final stage is acceptance. It is not about "getting over" the loss, but rather about finding a way to integrate it into our lives. Acceptance does not mean we will no longer feel sadness or pain, but rather that we have come to terms with the reality of our loss and are able to move forward in a way that feels meaningful and purposeful.

Recognising the Physical and Emotional Symptoms of Grief

Grief is not just an emotional experience; it also has a significant impact on our physical and mental well-being. Recognising the physical and emotional symptoms of grief is crucial in understanding our own reactions or supporting others who are grieving.

On a physical level, grief can manifest in various ways. You may notice changes in your appetite, either experiencing a loss of appetite or finding comfort in overeating. Sleep patterns may also be disrupted, with difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night. You may feel physically drained or fatigued, finding it difficult to carry out daily activities. Headaches, muscle aches, and a general sense of physical discomfort may also occur.

Emotionally, grief can be overwhelming. It is common to experience intense sadness, feeling as though a heavy cloud hangs over you. You may find yourself easily irritable or angry, feeling a sense of frustration at the unfairness of the loss. Guilt is also a common emotion, questioning if you could have done more or feeling responsible for the loss. Confusion and an inability to focus may arise, making it difficult to concentrate on tasks. Additionally, you may experience waves of anxiety or panic, feeling a sense of fear or apprehension about the future.

It is important to recognise and acknowledge these symptoms as part of the grieving process. They are normal reactions to loss and should not be dismissed or ignored. Giving yourself permission to experience these emotions and seeking support from loved ones or professionals can help you navigate through the healing process.

Unhealthy Grieving: When to Seek Professional Help

It's important to acknowledge that grief is a natural part of life, and it is normal to experience a wide range of emotions during the grieving process. However, there are instances when grief can become overwhelming and start to affect your overall well-being. In such cases, seeking professional help may be necessary.

One sign that you may need professional help is if your grief is preventing you from carrying out your daily activities or impacting your relationships. If you find yourself withdrawing from friends and family, experiencing difficulties at work, or feeling a sense of hopelessness and despair that persists over an extended period of time, it may be beneficial to reach out to a grief counsellor or therapist.

Another indication that professional help is needed is if you are engaging in harmful coping mechanisms or self-destructive behaviours. This could include excessive alcohol or drug use, self-harm, or thoughts of suicide. It is crucial to take these warning signs seriously and seek immediate support from a mental health professional.

If you are finding it difficult to function or feel stuck in your grief, therapy can provide a safe space to process your emotions and develop healthy coping strategies. A therapist can offer guidance and support tailored to your specific needs, helping you navigate through the challenges of grief and work towards healing.

Healthy Ways to Cope with Grief

Grief can be an overwhelming and painful experience, but there are healthy ways to cope with it and navigate through the healing process. Here are some strategies and techniques that can help you cope with grief:

1. Allow yourself to grieve: Give yourself permission to experience the wide range of emotions that come with grief. It's normal to feel sadness, anger, guilt, and confusion. Allow yourself to cry and express your emotions in a way that feels right for you. Remember that everyone grieves differently, so be patient and gentle with yourself.

2. Seek support: Reach out to friends, family, or support groups who can provide comfort and understanding. Talking to someone who has experienced a similar loss can be particularly helpful, as they can offer empathy and validation. Consider joining a grief support group or seeking the guidance of a grief counsellor or therapist.

3. Take care of your physical health: Grief can take a toll on your physical well-being. Focus on getting enough sleep, eating nutritious meals, and engaging in regular exercise. Taking care of your body can help you better cope with the emotional challenges of grief.

4. Create a self-care routine: Engage in activities that bring you joy and help you relax. This can include practising mindfulness or meditation, spending time in nature, engaging in creative outlets like writing or art, or simply engaging in activities that make you happy. Prioritising self-care can help you find moments of peace and respite amidst the pain of grief.

5. Practice self-compassion: Be kind and gentle with yourself throughout the grieving process. Avoid self-judgement or expectations of how you should be feeling or healing. Remember that grief is a complex and individual journey, and there is no right or wrong way to navigate through it.

6. Honour the memory of your loss: Find meaningful ways to honour the memory of the person or thing you have lost. This can include creating a memorial, planting a tree, or engaging in activities that were important to the person you lost. Remembering and celebrating their life can bring comfort and a sense of connection.

7. Find healthy ways to remember and reminisce: Engage in activities that help you remember your loved one or the loss you have experienced. This can include looking through photo albums, writing in a journal, or sharing stories and memories with others. Finding ways to keep their memory alive can be healing and comforting.

How to Deal With Grief & Loss: Techniques for Healing

Finding hope after experiencing a loss can feel like an uphill battle, but there are techniques and strategies that can help you navigate the healing process. Here are some techniques for finding hope after loss:

1. Seek support: Surround yourself with a strong support system of friends, family, and professionals who can provide comfort and understanding. Talking about your loss and sharing your feelings with trusted individuals can help alleviate the weight of grief and provide a sense of hope.

2. Practise gratitude: Despite the pain of loss, finding gratitude for the positive aspects of your life can help shift your perspective and cultivate hope. Take time each day to reflect on what you are grateful for, whether it's the support of loved ones, happy memories, or small moments of joy.

3. Engage in self-care: Prioritise self-care activities that nurture your mind, body, and soul. This could include exercise, practising mindfulness or meditation, taking baths, or engaging in hobbies or activities that bring you pleasure and relaxation. Self-care can provide a sense of rejuvenation and help you find moments of peace amidst the grief.

4. Set goals and take small steps forward: Setting achievable goals for yourself can help you move forward and regain a sense of purpose. Start small and celebrate each milestone along the way. Taking even the tiniest steps towards healing can create a sense of hope and empowerment.

5. Embrace the memories: Remembering and celebrating the life of the person or thing you have lost can bring comfort and a sense of connection. Engage in activities that help you remember, such as looking through old photos, writing in a journal, or participating in rituals that honour their memory.

6. Explore creative outlets: Engaging in creative outlets such as writing, art, or music can be cathartic and healing. Expressing your emotions through creative expression can help you process your grief and find a sense of hope in the midst of pain.

7. Find meaning and purpose: Seek out activities or causes that give you a sense of purpose and meaning. This could involve volunteering, helping others who are experiencing loss, or pursuing a new hobby or interest. Finding meaning in your life can bring a renewed sense of hope and optimism.

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